CASE STUDY – What is a “Padron” in Spain?

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I have heard people say “What is this Padron, and do I need one?”

 

What is A Padron?

 

Well, Padron is short for empadronamiento, and it is a certificate given to justify that you live in Spain on a more or less permanent basis. This allows the local government to calculate how many people are living in an area and helps them to petition for grants to improve local facilities.

The Padron is essential for many daily aspects of life in Spain and can be obtained from the local Town Hall. Each office asks for different paperwork in relation to this and it can sometimes be a frustrating task. We can verify the paperwork required and provide a translator to accompany you to the Town Hall to obtain this certificate.

It is obligatory for anyone staying in Spain for more than six months to obtain  a Residencia and a Padron. The Padron enables the town hall to do a head count on the number of permanent dwellers in the area and therefore petition for grants to maintain and improve the infrastructure.

The Padron Certificate is needed to register at a health center and also for a variety of other institutions including getting children into school and a car registered. The Padron has a validity between 30 – 90 days, however only needs to be updated when you actually need to show it to the authorities.

 

When do you need a padron in Spain?

 

The ‘Padron’ is a register kept by the Town Hall of all those persons resident in the town/area

Everyone who lives in Spain (more than six months a year ) is obliged to register on the ‘Padron’.

The Padron is used by the government and local authorities to keep a ‘head count’ on how many people live in the area.

You also need to keep on this register if you wish to use, amongst others, the local school facilities, medical facilities and many times, if you wish to apply for facilities offered via Social Security.

Residents who can demonstrate the requisite time on the Padron, can also receive benefits or a cash grant when getting married to another resident or may qualify for financial assistance for any children they have had here in Spain.

Trafico, the traffic department of Spain, also demand that to import a car here from another country or to qualify for a Spanish Driver’s Licence*, and many times to register a car in your own name, you must also be registered on the Padron in the town hall, proving your address.

By registering on the ‘Padron’, you will also help the Municipality to receive more financial assistance in the form of subsidies and grants from provincial, regional and government authorities for the provision of services. Those who register for the same, have the right to vote in local elections if registered on the ‘Padron’.

As stated, anyone who lives for more than six months in Spain is required to register on the Padron. However, the certificate itself only lasts for a limited period of time. This means that you must update the certificate in the event that you are asked to produce it for something specific. Essentially, whoever asks you for the original Padron, will need one with a relatively recent date on this (within the last 90 days of issue).

You do NOT need to update your certificate simply if the date has run out, only when you actually need to prove that you are registered.

 

How do I get a Padron in Alicante?

 

You need to apply at your local town hall in person. Each town hall asks for different papers and should be verified prior to standing in the queues to apply – it is very frustrating to finally arrive at the head of the queue and be turned away due to not having enough copies etc.

Please contact us for any assistance.

72 Comments

  • Cynthia Barajas

    If I am an international student, and I still can not find a place where I am going to stay permanently during my resident in Spain (Madrid) and I need to get my empadronamiento and I staying an a AirBNB, what do I do?

    • Nicola Ryan

      Good Morning Cynthia,

      It would be best to contact the Padrón office and explain your situation, they may have something in place for students. Some students will stay in student accomodation and they will also need the padrón.

      Kind regards
      Nicola

  • Martin Roper

    My partner and I are pensioners. We wish to spend eight months of the year living with a friend in Spain and four months at our home in the UK. We understand that we need residency in Spain but do not have a rental agreement. We are also told that if we register a S1 form in Spain we lose NHS cover
    Can you advise on both issues
    Thank you
    Martin Roper

    • Nicola Ryan

      Good Morning Martin,

      Thank you for your enquiry, can we ask where in Spain you stay please.

      When you apply for the padrón, you do not need to have a rental contract. The friend you are staying with can visit the padrón office with you and sign a documents to say that you stay with them.

      We have spoken to the HMRC previously regarding the S1 and whether the insured would be covered in the UK and we were told if they were pensioners, yes. It may be best to doublé check this with the Overseas Health Team at the HMRC to be sure incase anything has changed.

      Please note the residencia process may change after Brexit.

      Kind regards
      Nicola

  • Hina

    I am doing PhD from Spain. I am a international student. I want to need some financial support how can I apply ?

    • Nicola Ryan

      Good Evening Hina,

      Thank you for your enquiry.

      We are more than certain the University where you study will be able to give you information on how to obtain financial support and also help with filling out the paperwork required. We hope this helps and we wish you all the best with your studies.

      Kind regards
      Nicola

  • marie green

    hi i have a padrón but have misplaced the form How do i get a copy of it . i have a holiday home in gran alacant santa pola

    • Nicola Ryan

      Good Morning Marie,

      To get another Padrón you have to go to the Padrón Office at the town hall with your Passport, deeds or rental contract and NIEs, we hope this helps.

      Kind regards
      Nicola

  • Shanawaz

    hi I’m shanawaz,
    I visit Spain very Often and stay here for months as I’ve been working for a Spanish company in India, I stay in la farola apartment manresa , can u guide me how to get padron. ?

    • Nicola Ryan

      Good Morning Shanawaz,

      Thank you for your enquiry.

      Most town halls will only allow you to register on the Padron, if you are resident in Spain. It would be best to check with your local padron office. We hope this helps

      Kind regards / Saludos cordiales

      Nicola Ryan

  • Paul

    Hi
    I’m from the UK and have been been living in Spain for almost seven year. I have the original NIE that I received seven years ago but failed to apply for a permanent NIE. Can you tell me what the requirements are for me to obtain this, and also to obtain permanent residency?
    Many thanks

    • Nicola Ryan

      Good Morning Paul,

      Thank you for your enquiry.

      When you applied for your NIE, was it a temporary NIE (only valid for 3 months), the reason I ask is a normal NIE is permanent. If you did apply for a temporary NIE, this will no longer be valid and you would have to apply for a NIE again via the Foreign Office in Spain.

      In regard to your residencia, please see a link below detailing the documents required, please note the NIE and residencia can be applied for at the same time.

      https://www.spanishsolutions.net/blog/legal-paperwork/spanish-residency/how-to-get-a-spanish-residency-card/

      If you are a British passport holder, we would recommend applying for your residencia prior to Brexit as no one knows what changes Brexit will bring. There is talk of a grace period for people already living in Spain, to obtain their residencia but again this has not been confirmed by the Foreign Office in Spain.

      Should you need any assistance with the NIE or residencia, please do not hesitate to contact us, we would be happy to help.

      Kind regards
      Nicola

  • Brad

    Although I’ve lived in Spain for 6 1/2 years, I’m still confused with what I have and what I should have in terms of documentation! I recently got my permanent residencia, does that mean I have a Padron? Or is it separate?

    • Nicola Ryan

      Good Afternoon Brad,

      Thank you for your enquiry.

      Your Padron is when you register as staying in a specific area. The Padron can be used as proof of address if needed. We hope this helps.

      Kind regards
      Nicola

  • Karen Humphrey

    How do I get someone’s Padrón off my house? They no longer live in the house but tax office and social security think they do. This worries me as they are getting parking fines etc coming to my house. I do not know where they are living now.

    • Nicola Ryan

      Good Afternoon Karen,

      We understand your concern. It would be best to speak to the padron office in regards to this and explain the situation, we hope this helps.

      Kind regards
      Nicola

  • Yvonne darby

    My husband and I need to go on the patron. We stay at my daughter and son in flaws house while we are in Spain. The problem is we do not have a utility bill in our name. Can you help

    • Ian C.

      Hello Yvonne,
      You should be fine unless you get a real stickler in the town hall.
      With a letter of authorisation from your daughter and son in law plus proof that they are in fact related to you, you should be able to get your Padron sorted out.
      Please let me know if you have any difficulty,
      Regards,
      ian

  • Ali

    Hi,
    I have Padron of Caspe Zaragoza and have been living there nearly two years, i have recently married to British citizen and she is on the same Padron for the same amount of time, now i have marriage certificate and family book, we both want to apply for residence card so i am curious that if i move to Tarragona and get Padron will it be new Padron or i can show the previous Padron as a record of stay in Spain as well, Many thanks.

    • Jane

      Hi Ali

      Your padron will require to be within last 3 months when applying for residencia so you will need to do a new one.

      Kind Regards

      Jane

  • Adam

    Hi, does the rents contract need to be of certain length to apply for Residencia? Also we are renting an apartment however we pay the utility bills in with the rent, so won’t have a utility bill to show with our name at that address

    • Jane

      Hi Adam

      You need to show 3 months of activity on your Bank account in Spain this could be your rent, your shopping etc not necessarily utility bills. If You need help on your application please contact us.

      Hope this helps.

      Jane

  • Anthony Dunn

    Hi,we plan on moving over in 2to3 yrs not pensionable age but have a sizeable amount of cash,is it advisable getting anything moving this side of brexit than leaving it to chance ,post ,really confused ,we have our own property in murcia ,paid for ,thank you

    • Jane

      Hi Anthony

      At the present time we know the guidelines to obtain residency but cannot confirm for the next few years. Please keep an eye on our website for updates. If you already spend a large amount of time here you may be able to apply for residency please give us a call and talk us through in more detail.

      Kind Regards

      Jane

  • Sophie hares

    Hi, do you know if town halls will accept Airbnb stays or short term contracts of say two -three months for padron applications? We’re moving to Castellon but don’t want to lock ourselves into a long-term contract immediately. Thanks!

    • Jane

      Hi Sophie

      Each Town Hall differs so best to check with your local one but I do not think a 2-3 months will be accepted.

      Kind Regards

      Jane

  • Tina Rees

    Hi we have a holiday home in Spain (fuente Alamo, Murcia) which we visit for holidays, do we need to do anything? as we are not looking to live there for some years yet, (we pay all taxes and non residents tax), will owning a property be affected by brexit? TIA

    • Amanda Thomas

      Good morning Tina, I cannot think of anything you need to do (just maybe do what you are doing and stay informed about changes to laws etc.) Brexit:- still not completely clear but I can advise a couple of things. 1) Non Resident Brits will pay 24% non resident tax rather than 19% unless a special deal is made (but that wont make a huge difference to that cost), 2) Capital Gains Tax remains the same at 24% for non residents (this goes on residence not nationality) 3) At the moment, the situation after Brexit, for donations and inheritances our lawyer feels is not clear, it seems that UK Citizens will have the same tax benefits as EU citizens but the agreements between the two countries are not resolved yet, so we will see. And I am sure you have read in various places about the time limitations on visiting of 90 days in 180 days maximum. There is a lot on the Citizens Advice Bureau Spain on this subject. But basically not really too much, you will be able to enjoy the property for your holidays as always, Kind regards Amanda

  • Kevin Carter

    Hi
    I have been here since July 7th..and currently going through the process of obtaining TIE.. As I will have been here 90 days come October 3rd..
    My question is.. Will I become a tax resident after 183 days if that date falls on January 3rd 2021..im led to believe you become a tax resident if you have been here for 183 days in a clandar year eg Jan to Dec..
    Many thanks

    • Jane

      Hi Kevin

      You are correct you become fiscal resident after 183 days in calendar year Jan to Dec. If you had not been in Spain prior to July then on these dates you are within the 183 days.

      Kind Regards

      Jane

  • Robert Quarry

    Hello, I moved here from the uk on 2nd November 2020 and currently I am staying at a friends place for a few months until I can become ‘legal in Spain’ then I plan to buy an appartment of my own in Valencia. I see that in a response by Nicola Ryan on
    September 3, 2019 at 11:14 am to Martin she said a friend you are staying with can visit the offices and confirm for a Pardon that I am staying here now.

    Honestly I am getting a bit panicked because before I travelled out I understood that UK citizens have to the end 2020 to move to Spain but now I am here it seems complicated with lots of uncertainties. Could you please list the key steps I must do to become a legal resident in Spain and buy a home here. Many thanks. Robert

  • Antony

    Must I apply for a Padron BEFORE applying for temporary residency?
    I am a British National moving to live and work in Madrid in December, just before the end of the Brexit transition period. I will need to apply quickly for my residency but must I first get a Padron in order to be able apply for my residency at the immigration office?
    Thank you.

    • Jane

      Hi Antony

      Yes you will require to be on the padron to apply.

      Kind Regards

      Jane

  • Craig Mcphail

    we live in the U.K. we have together for 20 years I am self employed in the U.K. I have a U.K. passport and my partner has an Italian passport we purchased an apartment in manilva Spain 4years ago but we would like to stay in Spain a lot longer we also rent our apartment out in the summer months to pay for the bills electric, ibi,taxes ect ect any suggestions would be grateful thankyou

    • Jane

      Hi Craig

      Sorry I am unsure what your question is? Do you want to become a Spanish resident?

      Kind Regards

      Jane

  • Craig Mcphail

    With my partner having an Italian passport Is it possible to go too spain to stay in our apartment longer than 90 days in 6 months without becoming a resident

    • Jane

      Hi Craig

      Your partner will be able to stay longer, but if you are a UK passport and citizen then you can only stay 90 days in 180.

      Kind Regards

      Jane

  • Craig Mcphail

    Hi Jane what will I have to do too stay longer in Spain at our apartment with my partner whom is Italian and has an Italian passport my sister lives in Spain if that’s any help and if I do have too get residency do I change my passport and driving license sorry for all the questions

    • Jane

      Hi Craig

      You don’t mention where you are a citizen is it UK? If so you will need to wait on the UK government announcing the criteria for residency after Brexit. You will not change your passport but will need to change your driving licence. Please make sure you are signed up to our newsletter for an announcements.

      Kind Regards

      Jane

  • Craig Mcphail

    How do I change my driving license and can I still use my U.K. license as I drive for a living

    • Jane

      Hi Craig

      Once you swop your licence you will need to hand in your UK licence. If you drive in UK for a living you will need to speak to your employer as it may also affect their insurance.

      Kind Regards

      Jane

  • Hafiz

    Hello, I moved to Spain from the UK and I have a Spainish residency card. I had a pardon certificate but my friend deleted my name from there and I was in lockdown due to the corona virus and now it is almost over 90 days I am without a padron. I now know about it because he didn’t tell me before about deleting my name from it.what can I do now . When I will apply for permanent residence at that time it will be problem for me because of more than 3 months break In padron. How many days are acceptable without padron for permanent residency and how many people can have a padron in a house?
    Thank you

    • Jane

      Hi Hafiz

      As long as you get back on padron before you change your temporary to permanent should not be a problem. As far as we are aware there is no limit on numbers as it will be all occupants of the property.

      Kind Regards

      Jane

  • Hafiz s khan

    Hi
    My respectable,thank you for replying. Just I want to know clearly that I have (permiso de residencia) in November but my padron deleted by my friend and I just know about it now after more than 3 months , this means I have no Padron from more than three months. There will be any problem when I will apply for permanent resident card because of this break which is more than three months ? Soon I will register for new Padrón.
    Thank you

    • Jane

      Hafiz

      Applying for permanent residency has changed dependant on which country you are a citizen of, so I cannot answer if the padron will have any effect without knowing the process you will be applying for residency on. You will need to be on padron when you apply. Please give us a call if you wish to discuss with your full details.

      Kind Regards

      Jane

  • Hafiz

    Hi
    Thank you for replying. I am British from Uk and living in Spain .
    Just I want to know clearly that I have (per­miso de res­id­en­cia) in Novem­ber but my padron de­leted by my friend and I just know about it now after more than 3 months , this means I have no Padron from more than three months. There will be any prob­lem when I will ap­ply for per­man­ent res­id­ent card be­cause of this break which is more than three months ? Soon I will re­gister for new Padrón.
    Thank you

    • Jane

      Hafiz

      The process has now changed and you require to request a Visa from the Spanish Embassy in UK first as a UK citizen.

      Kind Regards

      Jane

  • Jeff

    You have kindly told me that all I need to buy and register a car in Spain is an NIE number which I have. If I want to import a car from the UK does that change anything and then do I need to go on the Padron even though I am not a resident.

    • Jane McGuire

      Hi Jeff

      In both cases; importing a car to Spain or registering a Spanish car in your name, you will need an NIE and a Spanish registered address. Trafico will accept a padron or electricity bill, no more than 6 months old, as evidence of the address.

      Kind Regards

      Jane

  • Rouba

    Hello,
    Is it possible to apply for an empadronamiento using an AirBnB contract if the owner of the AirBnB agrees to write a letter proving that I am renting their apartment? It’s a 2-months lease with the ability to extend

    • Nicola Ryan

      Afternoon Rouba,

      It would be best to check with your local padron office, but we are certain you need to have a rental contract with a minimum of 6 months to register on the padron, we hope this helps.

      Kind regards
      Nicola

  • Craig

    as I have my own apartment in Spain would or will it be possible to stay in Spain for longer than the allocated 90/180 or will there be a rule favouring British people owning homes in spain thank you

    • Nicola Ryan

      Afternoon Craig,

      Thank you for your reply.

      At the moment there are no special arrangements for people who own properties in Spain, we are unsure if this will change. We hope this helps.

      Kind regards
      Nicola

  • Kazimierz Molyn

    I own a property in Spain. What is required if I want to stay in my property more than the 90 days out of 180. If its just a question of applying for a visa how much does the visa cost. Lots of non EU people ie.Russians Ukrainians Arabs ect stay longer than the 90 days. So therefor there must be visa costs available . Many thanks

  • Craig

    Me and my partner have lived together for 20yrs in our own house in the U.K. but we are not married she has a n Italian eu passport and I have a British now non-eu passport would it be possible to go too our apartment in Spain which both our names are on the deeds and stay for longer than 90 days out of 180

    • Nicola Ryan

      Afternoon Craig,

      Your partner will not be subject to the 90 days under the Schengen rules as she has an Eu passport, you unfortunately will, we hope this helps.

      Kind regards
      Nicola

  • sara

    Originally when I bought my holiday home in 2004 i was asked to register on the local Padron, however since then I’ve read that only residents need to register on the padron. Can you clarify what is correct and also if I don’t need to be on it how do I take my name off

    • Nicola Ryan

      Good Afternoon Sara,

      Thank you for your enquiry.

      Nowadays, most padron offices will only allow you to register on the padron if you are resident in Spain. To remove your name from the padron you can email or visit your local padron office to remove your name, or you may already find that your name has been removed, best to check with your local padron office. We hope this helps.

      Kind regards
      Nicola

  • Deep

    If I want to cancel my padron is it possible

    • Nicola Ryan

      Good Morning Deep,

      Thank you for your enquiry.

      Yes, of course you can cancel the padron. You need to visit the padron office, where you are registered, to ask to be removed. We hope this helps.

      Kind regards
      Nicola

  • Lucie

    I am EU citizen who is moving to Spain and aplied for Residencia. Can my father in law who is British get Residencia as Family member of EU citizen? I am legally married to his son (British citizen) but son is not applaying for residencia yet. Thank you.

    • Jane

      Hi Lucie

      We believe as he is not a direct family member of yours this is not possible, but suggest you check with the Spanish Consulate.

      Kind Regards

      Jane

  • Bart

    Is it obligation to file (every year) a tax return if I have the padron? Same question regarding NEI?

    • Nicola Ryan

      Good Morning Bart,

      Thank you for your enquiry.

      You only submit a Spanish tax return when you are resident in Spain and in the country for 183 days or more. We hope this helps.

      Kind regards
      Nicola

  • Roman

    Is it possible to have a rental contract with a 0€ monthly payment or some other official declaration from the side of the house owner/renter to avoid going to the authority together?

    OR is there any legal consequence to a renter, who will give me a rental contract?
    For example if this data immediately is transferred to tax authorities?

    • Amanda Thomas

      Dear Roman, I am sorry, I don’t quite understand. I assume that you are talking about a long term contract. A rental contract for nil payment is void. Also of course any landlord should declare rental income or it is tax evasion. Kind regards,

  • Mark Anderson

    I have bought a house outside Albox and want to buy a new car from a local car dealer in Spain. Someone has said that I need to take NIE numbers and a pardon.
    Having only recently bought the house, my Spanish lawyer has got out NIE numbers. How do I get a padron? I don’t live there full time yet, I am planning to get a non lucrative visa in about two years time when I retire but would like to buy a new car so that I can sell my UK cars before moving down.
    Thanks

    • Nicola Ryan

      Good Afternoon Mark,

      Thank you for your enquiry.

      When you buy a car in Spain, you need to have proof of the address where the car will be registered.

      Trafico will accept; a water or electricity bill or padron, no more than 6 months old. Please note, some town halls will only allow you to register on the padron if you are resident, it would be best to check with the padron office at your local town hall. We hope this helps.

      Kind regards
      Nicola

  • Maimoona

    Hi Jane!

    I got a Padron last year which says “Alta en Padron: 28/09/2020”. I am living in the same place now and want to apply for another permit. Would simply downloading the Padron from the online site suffice even if the Alta date is 28/09/2021? When I downloaded the Padron, the signature date at the bottom is 09/09/2020. Thank you in advance for your guidance.

    • Nicola Ryan

      Good Morning Maimoona,

      Thank you for your enquiry.

      The “Alta en Padron” is the date you initially signed on the padron. If you download the pardon this will be fine, as long as it is within the timescale needed. It depend on what you need the padron for. We hope this helps.

      Kind regards
      Nicola

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